Archived from the original on 18 February
Votre aide est la bienvenue! Source: Meteo France  . Of the 5,, persons employed in the Paris Region in the end of , only 1,, The organ in Saint-Louis-des-Chartrons is registered on the French monuments historiques. There are two major sport teams in Bordeaux, Girondins de Bordeaux is the football team, playing in Ligue 1 in the French football championship.
Bordeaux Métropole (anciennement, Communauté urbaine de Bordeaux ou CUB) est une métropole française, située dans le département de la Gironde, en région opho.beème métropole de droit commun par sa population après celle de Lille (les métropoles de Paris et de Marseille étant deux métropoles à statut particulier et celle de Lyon étant une collectivité.
L'aire urbaine est une ancienne catégorie de zonage utilisée par l'Insee pour appréhender et décrire l'organisation urbaine de la France, et notamment le phénomène de la périurbanisation. La notion d’aire urbaine est utilisée dans d’autres pays, mais avec une signification assez différente. Le terme d'aire métropolitaine peut également être utilisé, mais celui-ci désigne, en ...
Aire urbaine de Bordeaux - Wikimonde
253 rows · L'aire urbaine de Bordeaux est une aire urbaine française centrée sur la ville de Bordeaux dans …
13/10/ · Une aire urbaine ou «grande aire urbaine» est un ensemble de communes, d'un seul tenant et sans enclave, constitué par un pôle urbain (unité urbaine) de plus de 10 emplois, et par des communes rurales ou unités urbaines (couronne périurbaine) dont au moins 40 % de la population résidente ayant un emploi travaille dans le pôle ou dans des communes attirées par celui-ci.
Plus grandes aires urbaines de France. Marseille - Aix-en-Provence. Douai - Lens. The summer of set a record with an average temperature of Bordeaux is a major centre for business in France as it has the sixth largest metropolitan population in France. It serves as a major regional center for trade, administration, services and industry. The vine was introduced to the Bordeaux region by the Romans, probably in the mid-first century, to provide wine for local consumption, and wine production has been continuous in the region since.
Both red and white wines are made in the Bordeaux region. Red Bordeaux wine is called claret in the United Kingdom. Because of a wine glut wine lake in the generic production, the price squeeze induced by an increasingly strong international competition, and vine pull schemes , the number of growers has recently dropped from 14, and the area under vine has also decreased significantly.
This project, carried by the French Ministry of Defence , involves an investment of 2 billion euros. Some 20, people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. The Dassault Falcon private jets are built there as well as the military aircraft Rafale and Mirage , the Airbus A cockpit , the boosters of Ariane 5 , and the M51 SLBM missile. Tourism, especially wine tourism , is a major industry. Access to the port from the Atlantic is via the Gironde estuary.
This list includes indigenous Bordeaux-based companies and companies that have major presence in Bordeaux, but are not necessarily headquartered there. In January , there were , inhabitants in the city proper commune of Bordeaux. Bordeaux had its largest population of , in The Mayor of the city is the environmentalist Pierre Hurmic. Bordeaux is the capital of five cantons and the Prefecture of the Gironde and Aquitaine.
The town is divided into three districts, the first three of Gironde. The number of inhabitants of Bordeaux is greater than , and less than , so the number of municipal councilors is Since the Liberation , there have been 6 mayors of Bordeaux:.
At the presidential election, the Bordelais gave Nationally, Nicolas Sarkozy led with After these came Jean-Marie Le Pen with The abstention rates for Bordeaux were In the parliamentary elections of , the left won eight constituencies against only three for the right.
It should be added that after the partial elections, the eighth district of Gironde switched to the left, bringing the count to nine. In Bordeaux, the left was for the first time in its history the majority as it held two of three constituencies following the elections.
The defeat of the so-called constituency "Mayor" showed that Bordeaux was rocking increasingly left. At present, of the eight cantons that has Bordeaux, five are held by the PS and three by the UMP, the left eating a little each time into the right's numbers.
In the European elections of , Bordeaux voters largely voted for the UMP candidate Dominique Baudis, who won The European elections were like the previous ones in eight constituencies. UMP candidate Dominique Baudis: His party gained four seats. PS candidate Kader Arif: Europe Ecology candidate Bove: MoDem candidate Robert Rochefort: 8. At regional elections in , the Socialist incumbent president Alain Rousset won the first round by totaling Xavier Darcos, Minister of Labour followed with Then came Monique De Marco, Green candidate with In the second round, Alain Rousset had a tidal wave win as national totals rose to If Xavier Darcos largely lost the election, he nevertheless achieved a score above the regional and departmental average obtaining The ballot was marked by abstention amounting to Bordeaux voted for Emmanuel Macron in the presidential election.
Bordeaux voted in the European Parliament election in France. The city area is represented by the following constituencies : Gironde's 1st , Gironde's 2nd , Gironde's 3rd , Gironde's 4th , Gironde's 5th , Gironde's 6th , Gironde's 7th.
During Antiquity, a first university had been created by the Roman in Only rhetoric and grammar were taught. Ausonius and Sulpicius Severus were two of the teachers. In , when Bordeaux was an English town, the Pope Eugene IV created a university by demand of the archbishop Pey Berland.
In Bordeaux, this one was located in the former buildings of the college of Guyenne. In , the University reappeared with Napoleon. Bordeaux accommodates approximately 70, students on one of the largest campuses of Europe ha. Bordeaux has numerous public and private schools offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Bordeaux is classified "City of Art and History". Bordeaux is home to one of Europe's biggest 18th-century architectural urban areas, making it a sought-after destination for tourists and cinema production crews.
The organ in Saint-Louis-des-Chartrons is registered on the French monuments historiques. Basilica of Saint Michael. Slavery was part of a growing drive for the city. Firstly, during the 18th and 19th centuries, Bordeaux was an important slave port , which saw some slave expeditions that cause the deportation of , Africans by Bordeaux shipowners.
A statue of Modeste Testas , an Ethiopian woman who was enslaved by the Bordeaux-based Testas brothers was unveiled in She was trafficked by them from West Africa, to Philadelphia where one of the brother coerced her to have two children by him and was ultimately freed and lived in Haiti. The bronze sculpture was created by the Haitian artists Woodly Caymitte. A number of traces and memorial sites are visible in the city. This work, richly illustrated with original documents, contributes to disseminate the state of knowledge on this question, presenting above all the facts and their chronology.
African face mascaron on the place de la Bourse. Bronze bust of Toussaint Louverture. Bronze Statue of Modeste Testas , Ethiopian woman enslaved by two Bordeaux plantation owners. Jardin botanique. Europe's longest-span vertical-lift bridge , the Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas , was opened in in Bordeaux, spanning the River Garonne.
The central lift span is metre-long foot and can be lifted vertically up to 53 metres feet to let tall ships pass underneath. The bridge was named after the late Jacques Chaban-Delmas , who was a former Prime Minister and Mayor of Bordeaux.
Bordeaux has many shopping options. In the heart of Bordeaux is Rue Sainte-Catherine. This pedestrian-only shopping street has 1. There are many music venues of varying capacity. The city also offers several festivals throughout the year. Bordeaux is an important road and motorway junction. The city is connected to Paris by the A10 motorway, with Lyon by the A89 , with Toulouse by the A62 , and with Spain by the A There is a 45 km 28 mi ring road called the "Rocade" which is often very busy.
Another ring road is under consideration. These two bridges are part of the ring road around Bordeaux. A fifth bridge, the Pont Jacques-Chaban-Delmas , was constructed in — and opened to traffic in March Located halfway between the Pont de pierre and the Pont d'Aquitaine and serving downtown rather than highway traffic, it is a vertical-lift bridge with a height comparable to the Pont de pierre in closed position, and to the Pont d'Aquitaine in open position.
All five road bridges, including the two highway bridges, are open to cyclists and pedestrians as well. Another bridge, the Pont Jean-Jacques Bosc, is to be built in Lacking any steep hills, Bordeaux is relatively friendly to cyclists. Cycle paths separate from the roadways exist on the highway bridges, along the riverfront, on the university campuses, and incidentally elsewhere in the city.
Cycle lanes and bus lanes that explicitly allow cyclists exist on many of the city's boulevards. A paid bicycle-sharing system with automated stations has been established in The main railway station, Gare de Bordeaux Saint-Jean , near the center of the city, has 12 million passengers a year.
It is served by the French national SNCF railway's high speed train, the TGV , that gets to Paris in two hours, with connections to major European centers such as Lille , Brussels, Amsterdam , Cologne , Geneva and London. The TGV also serves Toulouse and Irun Spain from Bordeaux. A regular train service is provided to Nantes , Nice, Marseille and Lyon.
Historically the train line used to terminate at a station on the right bank of the river Garonne near the Pont de Pierre, and passengers crossed the bridge to get into the city. Subsequently, a double-track steel railway bridge was constructed in the s, by Gustave Eiffel , to bring trains across the river direct into Gare de Bordeaux Saint-Jean.
The old station was later converted and in comprised a cinema and restaurants. The decision was taken to save the bridge, but by early no plans had been announced as to its future use. The bridge remains intact, but unused and without any means of access. Since July , the LGV Sud Europe Atlantique is fully operational and makes Bordeaux city 2h04 from Paris.
This company is run by the Keolis group. The network consists of:. There had been several plans for a subway network to be set up, but they stalled for both geological and financial reasons.
Work on the Tramway de Bordeaux system was started in the autumn of , and services started in December connecting Bordeaux with its suburban areas. The tram system uses Alstom APS a form of ground-level power supply technology developed by French company Alstom and designed to preserve the aesthetic environment by eliminating overhead cables in the historic city.
Conventional overhead cables are used outside the city. The system was controversial for its considerable cost of installation, maintenance and also for the numerous initial technical problems that paralysed the network. Many streets and squares along the tramway route became pedestrian areas, with limited access for cars. The planned Bordeaux tramway system is to link with the airport to the city centre towards the end of The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Bordeaux, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 51 min.
The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 13 min, while The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7 km 4. The 41,capacity Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux is the largest stadium in Bordeaux. The stadium was opened in and replaced the Stade Chaban-Delmas , which was a venue for the FIFA World Cup in and , as well as the Rugby World Cup. In the FIFA World Cup , it hosted a violent quarter-final known as the Battle of Bordeaux.
The ground was formerly known as the Stade du Parc Lescure until , when it was renamed in honour of the city's long-time mayor, Jacques Chaban-Delmas.
There are two major sport teams in Bordeaux, Girondins de Bordeaux is the football team, playing in Ligue 1 in the French football championship. Skateboarding, rollerblading, and BMX biking are activities enjoyed by many young inhabitants of the city.
Bordeaux is home to a beautiful quay which runs along the Garonne river. On the quay there is a skate-park divided into three sections. One section is for Vert tricks, one for street style tricks, and one for little action sports athletes with easier features and softer materials. The skate-park is very well maintained by the municipality. Bordeaux is also the home to one of the strongest cricket teams in France and are champions of the South West League.
The Trophee Eric Bompard was in Bordeaux. But the Free Skate was cancelled in all of the divisions due to the Paris bombing s and aftermath. The Short Program occurred hours before the bombing. Pertanto bisogna dire che pur essendo vicina all'oceano, in condizioni di bel tempo ha delle caratteristiche climatiche simili alle zone della Costa Azzurra.
Il primo nome di Bordeaux fu Burdigala , in epoca romana. A livello linguistico, l'appellativo del periodo latino potrebbe essere un nome basco-aquitano: in tali lingue, infatti, Burdi significherebbe ferro, mentre Gala fonte. Bordeaux fu fondata nel III secolo a. Nel III secolo tolse perfino a Mediolanum Santonum Saintes il titolo di capitale amministrativa della provincia d' Aquitania. In questo periodo Bordeaux s'ingrandisce e si dota d'una seconda cerchia muraria.
Il suo arcivescovo, Bertrand de Got, diventa papa sotto il nome di Clemente V nel Dal al , sotto il regno di Edoardo il Principe Nero , Bordeaux diventa capitale di uno Stato indipendente, ma il Principe Nero dovette rinunciare al proprio progetto di rendere la Guyenne Stato sovrano.
Bayonne e Caen nello stesso anno divennero "fiere franche". Nel , Montaigne diventa sindaco di Bordeaux. Allo stesso tempo la fillossera colpisce i vigneti. Ha per missione quella di formare dei medici e dei farmacisti. L'ubicazione della Scuola doveva essere provvisorio ma diventa definitiva con la costruzione d'uno stabilimento sul corso Saint-Jean San Giovanni e di un altro sulla via Ferbos.
La seconda guerra mondiale segna un nuovo periodo di sofferenze per Bordeaux. Nel giugno , quando il governo francese si appresta a firmare l'armistizio, il console del Portogallo a Bordeaux, Aristides de Sousa Mendes rilascia quasi
Agenda - Bordeaux Métropole
Bordeaux Conférence Bordeaux Open Air x madd-bordeaux proposée à l'occasion de l'exposition Paysans designers, un art du vivant Dans le cadre de sa saison supplément boa, Bordeaux Open Air investit le madd-bordeaux et invite plusieurs intervenant·e·s pour parler musiques électroniques et transition énergétique, le temps d'une ...
Bordeaux Métropole (anciennement, Communauté urbaine de Bordeaux ou CUB) est une métropole française, située dans le département de la Gironde, en région opho.beème métropole de droit commun par sa population après celle de Lille (les métropoles de Paris et de Marseille étant deux métropoles à statut particulier et celle de Lyon étant une collectivité. The economy of Paris is based largely on services and commerce: of the , of its enterprises, percent are in commerce, transportation, and diverse services, percent in construction, and just percent in industry. Paris, including both the City of Paris and the Île-de-France region (Paris Region), is the important center of economic activity in France, accounting. 19/04/ · Cette situation s’explique encore par la particularité de l’aire urbaine de Paris: 35,8 % des immigrés vivent dans le grand pôle urbain de Paris (villes-centres et banlieue) contre 14,3 % pour les non-immigrés. Les immigrés résident moins fréquemment que les non-immigrés dans les couronnes des grands pôles urbains (8,7 % contre.